This glass ceiling could be due oppression and exploitation in work, home and state. For example, women still experience lower wages than men, despite the Equal Pay Act. However, dependency theorists are less than enthusiastic about the role of TNCs, suggesting that they bring exploitation of both people and resources to the developing world. You can download each of the AQA A-Level Sociology past papers and marking schemes by clicking the links below. New Right sociologist, Murray, would agree that a dependency culture exists because the underclass relies on benefits, which creates a dependency culture, which normalizes living on benefits and reduces aspirations. One type of authority, according to Weber, could be charismatic. A-Level Paper 2: Topics in Sociology (7192/2) Download Past Paper - Download Mark Scheme. In some conflicts, such as the civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo, children have been used as soldiers by militias, disrupting their education and putting their lives in danger. Rostow sees TNCs as being important in helping to develop trade infrastructure by building factories in the developing world as the ‘take-off stage’, whilst the expertise of TNCs is often required to develop the infrastructure of a twenty-first century nation by building airports, telecommunications networks and banking systems during the ‘drive to maturity’. In the post-Cold War period, neo-liberal economic policy has become the most dominant economic theory and has focused upon the privatisation of former state industries and opening of free trade routes between nations. There are tips on how to answer 10 and 20 mark questions. 214 High Street, Duncan is an experienced social science and humanities teacher, writer and senior examiner. Bakan suggests that TNCs are ‘institutional psychopaths’ that stop at nothing to make money. They will be available for longer, so that there is access to unseen mocks later in 2020 and early 2021. This creates inequality, as the economic power of TNCs means that many traders in the developing world are driven out of business and forced to work for lower wages. This could mean they may get a lower paid job due to achieving low qualifications and this would then lead to higher a likelihood of deprivation due to having a low-paying job. Additionally, conflict can cause disruption as many conflicts, such as the ongoing conflicts in Syria and Yemen have caused massive displacement of people into refugee camps, where access to education for children is non-existent. For example, an older person might have a stereotype as frail, which might reduce the job possibilities open. Boston Spa, One way in which globalisation has affected global inequalities is through the implementation of neo-liberal economic policies. Duncan is an experienced social science and humanities teacher, writer and senior examiner. An example of this would be the $20 billion worth of contracts awarded to Halliburton to rebuild the infrastructure of Iraq following the invasion of Iraq in the early part of this century. Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences. Autumn exams for GCSE and A-level: here's what ... www.thestudentroom.co.uk This term is commonly associated with feminists, who believe that society remains patriarchal (male dominated) and women, although they can see opportunities, are unable to reach them. Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences. Whilst the development of free trade may be seen as a boost to developing nations in so far as they are able to trade their goods with other nations, in reality it leads to the dominance of Transnational Corporations (TNCs) who utilise their economic power to exploit workers in the developing world, whilst simultaneously expanding upon the markets they can sell their products in. Whilst supporters would state that bringing in the expertise of TNCs helps provide expert knowledge, employment for local workers and the ability to pass on skills and knowledge to the indigenous population, critics would suggest that often the contracts that are awarded to these TNCs end up profiting Western businesses, whilst keeping the developing world in a state of dependency. Overall, most Marxist sociologists would disagree that the welfare state creates a culture of dependency. Stereotypes still exist around the elderly and young people, which are sometimes reinforced by the media. However, despite the progress that has been made, some critics suggest that this places women in conflict with traditional ideologies. Your free mytutor2u account gives you full access to this resource and more.
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