13.40 advolone an maneo?, Verg. post hunc iudicium timete nullum.

The allusion to Nepos' Gallic origins[1] in line 8 is added confirmation that Catullus is addressing Cornelius Nepos the historian and biographer. For this reason have for yourself whatever this is of a little book. Ipse est. According to Ausonius Epist. That's the pose, anyway... A "papyrus roll" (liber, diminutive libellus) was the standard ancient format for a body of writings and the ancient equivalent of a modern book. Carmen 1 (in Scanned by Catullus) << • >>. This page was last edited on 13 January 2018, at 14:59.

: well, the answer is Nepos'. The poem begins with a 2-line question followed by a 1-line answer. 2) Taking the present tense as equivalent to a future, or a deliberative sujunctive: 'Who do I give this booklet to (I wonder)? Neoteric values; Catullus' poems are filled with "learned" references to mythology and are very finely crafted. There has been much debate about what poems exactly composed the "libellus," since the 116 poems (just shy of 2300 lines) that have come down to us are too many to fit onto a single papyrus. Catullus 1 is traditionally arranged first among the poems of the Roman poet Catullus, though it was not necessarily the first poem that he wrote.

Here, the job of patron is offered to the goddess. This Cornelius is identified as Nepos by Ausonius XXIII (= Ecl. The poem alternates between humility and a self-confident manner; Catullus calls his poetry "little" and "trifles", but asks that it remain for more than one age. Cas. AP Catullus NOTE: FOR SOME TIME WE HAVE NOT DONE THE CATULLUS SYLLABUS, WHICH WILL NOT … Optative subjunctive, not jussive subjunctive; one does not command the Muse. Mr. J's Cicero Page.

Therefore, have for yourself whatever this is of a little book. Notably, Catullus does not ask for many ages. Catullus 1 is traditionally arranged first among the poems of the Roman poet Catullus, though it was not necessarily the first poem that he wrote.

suggests it may be an 'epistolary' past tense (see for instance, preface to his surviving work 'On excellent leaders of foreign races', https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=The_Poetry_of_Gaius_Valerius_Catullus/1&oldid=3361482, Book:The Poetry of Gaius Valerius Catullus.

nec doctum minus et magis benignum, Quintilian, writing a century and a half later, used expolio in a literary sense (Inst. et nidum in gremio fovete tuto. 1 = Schenkl p.120 = 'Ausonius Drepanio filio'), itself an imitation of Catullus 1, which is quoted in full here, because it's by no means easy to track down: «Cui dono lepidum novum libellum?»

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This is a touch of modesty, even in the middle of an invocation to the Muse (one of the more elevated activities of a poet). 8.3.42, warning against too great a polish in oratory), but the word was used metaphorically even as early as Plautus. Likewise, "papyrus sheets" (cartae) can refer to a "volume" of papyrus rolls. That it may endure for more than one age.

students as they study the the poetry of Gaius Valerius Catullus. rudem libellum, burras quisquilias Nepos' boldness and uniqueness are admirable qualities in an author; but the vocabulary also makes Nepos resemble a character from his own historical works -- adventurous, and the single man out of the multitude able to solve a crisis (like Horatius, Fabius Maximus, for instance), a point well made by Johnston 1997. To whom do I give this pleasing new little book, At a time when you alone of the Italians dared. Gaius Valerius Catullus. He merely asks that his "quidquid hoc libelli" remain for more than one. This understatement is deliberate; Catullus knows very well the quality of his poetry, and also the provocative form it has. quam cunctos alios, Marone dempto. Catullus Aen. Meleager made it, and he laboured at this gift as a keepsake for glorious Diocles".

We can understand 'cui dono...?' «Pacatum haut dubie, poeta, dicis?» Scansion 1 cui dono lepidum novum libellum To whom do I give this pleasing new little book, cu ... (= Ecl. 16 and Aulus Gellius 17.21.3, Nepos wrote a work (now lost) entitled Chronica, which is presumably what Catullus is alluding to here, rather than any of his biographical prose works (some of which survive). The Chronica need not have been a prose work (the usual assumption), but could have been in verse, like the Chronica by the Greek Apollodorus of Athens, which covered events from the fall of Troy to the poet's own time. dedit statim Nepoti. O does not appear in any extant manuscripts, but is supplied by modern editors on the assumption that it was in the original, based on context and metrical concerns. Hoc nullus mihi carior meorum,

Hic vos diligere, hic volet tueri: quem pluris faciunt novem sorores,

There's no-one he needs to impress, and these little gems are dedicated as lightly as they are rattled off. This page is the work of Mr.Bruce M. Johnson ©. Vale. It is dedicated to Cornelius Nepos, a historian and minor poet, though some consider Catullus's praise of Cornelius's history of the Italians to have been sarcastic. Notable here, however, is the Romanness of 'patrona': it's often the job of a dedication to define or enact the roles of poet and dedicatee as client and patron. This Page Was Created June 2751 AUC (AB URBE CONDITA). Nepos' project, although "doctus" and "laboriosus" (not insignificant compliments from Catullus), is in the tradition of large, comprehensive works, which Catullus contrasts with his "nugae.". just now polished with a dry pumice stone? Inveni, trepidae silete nugae, It is dedicated to Cornelius Nepos, a historian and minor poet, though some consider Catullus's praise of Cornelius's history of the Italians to have been sarcastic.

4.534 en, quid ago?. Intrepide volate, versus, dared to unfold the entire history of the Italians in three papyrus rolls. 1) Taking the present tense literally: 'Who am I giving this booklet to (you may ask)? At nos inlepidum, 1 = Schenkl p.120 = 'Ausonius Drepanio filio'), itself an imitation of Catullus 1, which is quoted in full here, because it's by no means easy to track down: This page is the work of Mr.Bruce In favour of (2), Latin questions in the present tense sometimes have an urgent future, or deliberative, quality: Plaut. However, he intends to leave this page and others available for all students at PVHS and those interested in the Classics. Magister Johnson retired from active teaching in June of 2003. But that's jumping the gun: Servius does not specifically quote this poem (though it's the only one we have where it makes a difference). From Wikibooks, open books for an open world, Quinn (1970 ad loc.) ineptiasque, credemus gremio cui fovendum? The meter of this poem is hendecasyllabic, a common form in Catullus's poetry. The next line affirms that Nepos should accept Catullus' "whatever this is of a book," and the poem closes with a 2-line invocation of the Muse. This page is intended to be a student resource for Latin III and IV

Catullus again is being self-deprecating about his own poetry. An exclamation; Catullus is marveling at the quality of Nepos' work. Available in Latin, Brazilian Port., Chinese, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Polish, Rioplatense, Romanian, Scanned, Spanish, Turkish, Ukrainian, and Vercellese. Back To Park View's Home Page. Back To Mr. & Mrs. J's Home Page.

He also calls his work "new"; the poems are recently made and therefore new, but they are also new as some of the first examples of Neoteric poetry in the Latin language.

: I know! quam quem Gallia praebuit Catullo. The "virgin patron" is either a muse or Pallas Athena. This page was last edited on 5 July 2020, at 14:10. The invocation of a muse or inspiring deity is, of course, a common enough phenomenon in poetry -- Meleager addresses an unnamed Muse in his intro poem (see note on line 1). A Guide To The Scansion of Latin Poetry. This understatement is likely deliberate; Catullus knows very well the quality of his poetry, and also the provocative form it has. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. may it remain everlasting, more than one lifetime. Veronensis ait poeta quondam inventoque To you, Cornelius, for you were accustomed. Pumex is masculine, and the MSS give 'arido'. ignoscenda teget, probata tradet: ', or 'who am I to give it to?'. The poem alternates between humility and self-confidence; Catullus calls his poetry "trifles", but asks that it remain for more than one age. This is traditionally arranged first among Catullus' poems, though it was not necessarily the first poem that he wrote. VRoma Catullus. It is mostly accepted now that the "libellus" was some selection of Catullus' poems, although which poems these were is unknown. Codex Vaticanus Ottobonianus Latinus 1829, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Catullus_1&oldid=966170816, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, To whom do I dedicate this new, charming little book. In favour of (1) is the very similar opening of Meleager's dedicatory poem from his 'Garland' anthology (now preserved in the Greek Anthology, AP 4.1): "Dear muse, to whom to you bring this all-fruited song? To unfurl the whole of time in three volumes. Nepos' = 'who shall I give it to? The "modo" gives the impression of these poems being "hot off the presses.". Catullus' labeling of his poems as a "libellum" (as opposed to librum) is an instance of the humble tone that pervades the poem. The idea here is that Cornelius thought Catullus' trifles ("nothings") to be something. The imperfect 'you used to think'[2] is evidence that Catullus' relationship with Nepos is long-standing. Nepos' work is allegedly of similar quality. The body of the poem, the middle 4 lines, is an explanation for the dedication; Catullus is dedicating the poems to Nepos because Nepos supported Catullus and because Catullus respects Nepos' work (and finds it similar to his own). Figures Of Speech.

See LCM 1986 p. 131 for the arguments against 'arida'. M. Johnson ©. It is a dedication to Cornelius Nepos, a historian and sometimes poet, though some consider Catullus' praise of Cornelius' history (Chronica) to have been sarcastic; Catullus attempts in many cases to do away with large-scale forms, focusing rather on small but elaborate constructions. The emphatic 'tu' may imply 'you, at least, think something of my poems, even if no-one else does': Nepos has taste. of whatever sort; which, O patron maiden.

Either Catullus knew this poem, or knew of others like it, now lost: his own poem is a witty response. At the same time, the idea of creating these little "nuggets" was a point of pride for Catullus and the neoterics; they were creating a new genre of Latin poetry, quite distinct from weighty epics. Self-deprecating, as is the "qualecumque" of the next line. Lingua Latina Pagina. The pumice-stone was soon to appear as an explicit literary metaphor in Propertius 3.1.8 exactus tenui pumice versus eat). Vocabulary, scansion, figures of speech, analysis, and review.

Furthermore, Ausonius seems to have taken it this way, as if Catullus, puzzled for a moment, plucked a name out of the air: 'inventoque/statim dedit Nepoti' = "and on finding Nepos, gave it immediately to him". Here are some links on the internet which will be of interest to you in your study of Catullus. Mr. J's Vergil Page. A standard word to denote the setting-out in order of a historical account, used indeed by Nepos himself in the preface to his surviving work 'On excellent leaders of foreign races'; or any verbal description, written or spoken. It is perhaps a mock humility, considering Catullus' loftier statements present both here and in his other poems. He also calls his work "new"; the poems are recently made and therefore new, but they are also new as some of the first examples of Neoteric poetry in the Latin language. Pumice was used to smooth off the ends of papyrus scrolls to prevent ragged edges. Saeclo ("age", syncopated from saeculum) can more specifically mean "lifetime", "generation", or "century"; it does not necessarily refer to anything approaching the amount of time over which Catullus' poetry has survived. (Latin Text From the Perseus Project), Catullus (English Translation From the Perseus Project).


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