1Cor 14:5-11 [Arabic] I wish you all spoke with tongues, but even more that you prophesied; for he who prophesies is greater than he who speaks with tongues, unless indeed he interprets, that the church may receive edification. The First Council of Nicaea (325) sent a letter to the Church of Alexandria stating “all our brethren in the East who formerly followed the custom of the Jews are henceforth to celebrate the said most sacred feast of Easter at the same time with the Romans and yourselves and all those who have observed Easter from the beginning.”[1]. The Coptic calendar is arguably the oldest calendar system that is still in widespread use. Dionysius of Alexandria emphatically quoted mystical justifications for this very choice. This falls on August 29 in the Julian calendar if the following year is a common year and August 30 if it is a leap year. It is a lunisolar calendar. Such years are preceded by a Coptic leap day at the end of the preceding year. Eastern Orthodox use the Julian calendar while Catholics use the Gregorian calendar. However, it was not until 367 that 25 December began to be universally accepted. This calendar is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar. In that period of time, the months in the Coptic calendar, therefore, begin one day later than in the Julian calendar. Between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, there are different dates for holidays. To avoid the calendar creep of the latter (which contained only 365 days each year, year after year, so that the seasons shifted about one day every four years), a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar was introduced at the time of Ptolemy III (Decree of Canopus, in 238 BC) which consis…

Orthodox Copts worldwide rely on the Coptic calendar to determine the dates of religious holidays and rituals. The year starts on the Feast of Neyrouz, the first day of the month of Thout, the first month of the Egyptian year. This is the reason why Old-Calendarists (using the Julian and Coptic calendars) presently celebrate Christmas on 7 January, 13 days after the New-Calendarists (using the Gregorian calendar), who celebrate Christmas on 25 December. Sharing the same rules to determine when a leap day is added, the Coptic calendar has been synchronized with the Julian calendar since 25 BCE.The year starts on the Feast of Neyrouz on the first day of Tout, the first month. This calendar is still in use all over Egypt by farmers to keep track of the various agricultural seasons.

The choice would help substitute a major Christian holiday for the popular Pagan celebrations surrounding the Winter Solstice (Roman Sol Sticia, the three-day stasis when the sun would rise consecutively in its southernmost point before heading north, 21, 22 and 23 December. To avoid the calendar creep of the latter, a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar was introduced at the time of Ptolemy III (Decree of Canopus, in 238 BC) which consisted of the intercalation of a sixth epagomenal day every fourth year. Pope Tawadros's suggested to celebrate Easter on the second Sunday of April. They divided the year into 12 months, according in their knowledge of the stars. 2. c. 6. This means that the Coptic leap day is always 171 days before the Julian leap day. (Magdeburgenses, Cent. However, the extra day is always added at the end of the year preceding the Julian leap year. Coptic Calendar. Finally, joyous festivals are needed at that time of year, to fight the natural gloom of the season (in the Northern Hemisphere). Some people are skeptical about the success of these attempts. Hence, the Coptic year is identified by the abbreviation A.M. (for Anno Martyrum or "Year of the Martyrs").

However, it has undergone a number of reforms through the centuries, attaining its current form in 25 BCE.

© Time and Date AS 1995–2020.



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