DeBakey’s Lebanese heritage was contextualized along dichotomous yet interconnected narratives in the Middle East. Learn how your comment data is processed. However, it was after World War II, with the establishment of World Health Organization that the internationalization of medical education became more structuralized.

This was a critical moment in the history of American pedagogical hegemony. With a program that listed prominent figures in the field of medicine and surgery, the assembly attracted regional and international attention. Type III aortic dissection involved the distal aortic arch and descending thoracic aorta. In 1982, DeBakey and his team at Baylor published his landmark 20-year experience regarding 527 patients undergoing repair to treat aortic dissection.
As a result, this early classification schema was heavily skewed toward aortic dissection involving the descending thoracic aorta, which DeBakey indicated to be roughly 90% of all dissections repaired. Susan Y.

Get the latest public health information from CDC: Get the latest research information from NIH: Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Get the latest public health information from CDC: Get the latest research information from NIH: Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. DeBakey sketched this repair in a travel journal and noted that the patient recovered. Created by a team of doctors and medical students, each topic combines structured surgical knowledge with high-yield clinical pearls, seamlessly bridging the gap between scholarly learning and improved patient care. The work includes the philosophies and applications of medical ethics in and outside of clinical settings. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Pointedly, the links that European colonial enterprises forged with the educated classes in the Middle East were weakened after World War II. The United States, which had already established educational networks in the Middle East, was able to capitalize off of the weakening ties between former colonies and Europe. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Sleeve-Valve Transfusion Apparatus, 1933 M.E. DeBakey Archives box 1421 no.2 National Library of Medicine, “A Syringe-Sleeve-Valve Transfusion Instrument,” DeBakey’s article with Dr. William Gellintine,1934 M.E.

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DeBakey’s 1950s visit was therefore a welcomed affair as it celebrated the homecoming of a prominent figure in medicine, and helped reinforce, but also establish new, connections in the realm of medical education missions. As early as 1940, medical journals in the Middle East, particularly in Iraq, cite DeBakey’s work on the sleeve-valve transfusion instrument. Types IV and V aortic dissection involved the descending thoracic aorta, which was strictly limited in type V and extended distally to the abdominal aorta in type IV. With the backdrop of these geo-political dimensions we see emboldened education relationships between the United States and the Middle East.

In this era, nearly all patients with aortic dissection involving the ascending aorta would die before they could be referred for surgical repair. In the aftermath of World War II, Arab nationalism helped frame pedagogical trends in the Middle East. In late 1961, DeBakey and colleagues published data from 72 aortic dissection repairs, which represented a small portion (6%) of his team’s aortic operations. Essentially, the inner layer of the aorta splits and creates a false channel for blood flow. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Surgeons and doctors in the Middle East followed the operations performed in by DeBakey and his mentor Alton Oschner, among many others well before the historic 1954 visit.

The medical college faculty of AUB trained a plethora of Arab students who went on to pursue further specializations in the United States. … Many are siphoned off by the brain drain, lured not only by higher salaries but by more prestige or greater facilities for research—notably post-graduate students abroad who simply don’t return.
After leaving Syria, DeBakey headed to Iraq and visited the Royal Medical College in Baghdad. His classification schema is from a surgeon’s perspective, rather than a pathologist’s. On the other hand, DeBakey’s biography was narrated along the ‘Brain-drain’ critique and lamented as yet another talent courted and anglicised by the west: a process that involved the dilution, if not complete erasure of identities and the westernization of prominent figures from the region. In 1955, DeBakey described his emerging experience in surgical repair of aortic dissection to the American Surgical Association and presented the results of repair in 6 patients, which were published soon thereafter as the first successful repairs of aortic dissection. In 1966, statistics show, the Middle Eastern graduates licensed to practice in the United States alone came to 10 per cent of the area’s yearly crop. MEMA’s organizing committee invited Dr. Michael E. DeBakey. In addition to presenting at the Fourth Annual MEMA, DeBakey also gave lectures at the Medical College of AUB, visited the medical college of St. Joseph’s—a French faculty established by the Jesuits in the nineteenth century, then travelled to the medical colleges in Syria, in Aleppo and Damascus. Instead, DeBakey was positioned alongside prominent historical figures in medicine, i.e. Dubai Cosmetic Surgery Before and After Procedures pictureshttps://www.dubaicosmeticsurgery.comSubscribe to Dubai Cosmetic Surgery channel \u0026 Join us at:Facebook page: Channel: Board: Email: info@Dubaicosmeticsurgery.ComPhone No: +971 56 430 1774 In 1965, DeBakey and his colleagues in Houston present his further refined and final 3-type model to classify aortic dissection by location and extent, which was based on the surgical treatment of 179 patients. These weakening ties were further pronounced during World War II when France and England incurred substantial damages. The article included a diagram classifying most of the 300 autopsy cases described in Shennan’s 1934 review into 9 types of aortic dissection. Because of DeBakey’s many advancements in aortic surgery, repair of the ascending aorta was now possible, although it had not yet been attempted in the setting of aortic dissection. The Fourth Annual Middle East Medical Assembly (MEMA), hosted by the American University of Beirut, took place in Lebanon in April 1954. Averroes (Ibn Rushd), and Avicenna (Ibn Sina), to demonstrate the continuous centrality of the region in the trajectory of medicine. Figure in reprint of “Surgical considerations of dissecting aneurysm of the aorta,” Annals of Surgery…

Learn how your comment data is processed. However, the exchange of knowledge was not unidirectional. In contemporary practice, appropriate classification of aortic dissection is essential to determining treatment and prognosis. Their publications cite international research, including DeBakey’s contributions. For those patients that survived the acute phase of a type II aortic dissection, repair was promoted in a widely available teaching film, Surgical Correction of Dissecting Aneurysm of Ascending Aorta with Aortic Valvular Insufficiency.

On the one hand, DeBakey was central to advancing the notion that modern medicine is not exclusively western medicine. Notably in 1963, DeBakey and his trainees would report the first successful repair of an acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection—repair of the ascending aorta was performed within 7 hours of onset and no doubt saved the young patient’s life. Before and After Photos and Information about Ear Surgery, Otoplasty, Reconstructive, Aesthetic Surgery, Dubai: Prominent Ears - Otoplasty - Ear deformities prominent ears can be pinned to the head by this procedure under GA for children and LA in adults. There are numerous explanations to this trend: One being that France and England faced the consequences of post-colonial movements that worked to sever ties with the colonial centre. DeBakey also studied the works and contributions of doctors and instructors from the Middle East. Within the next 5 years, DeBakey and his team promoted this work through worldwide academic lectures and published more than a half dozen works on aortic dissection. A+ material. Green, MPH, is a Manager of Clinical Research within the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. Watch Dr. Farhan’s NLM History Talk from September 9, 2020 on the topic of “DeBakey in Baghdad and Beirut: The Internationalization of Surgical Education, 1945–1970.” Watch previous NLM History Talks in the NIH Videocast Archive, and stay informed about about future ones on Twitter at #NLMHistTalk. Surgeons and doctors in the Middle East were not working in a vacuum isolated environment. She can be found online @green_mph. The conversations Iraqi doctors were having amongst themselves were in relation to international developments within the field. Dubai Cosmetic Surgery Before and After Procedures pictures Subscribe to Dubai Cosmetic Surgery channel & … There may also be things you shouldn't do. However, in the aftermath of World War II, we see an increase in graduate students seeking out post-graduate certification at American institutions. Before the 1950s, much like repair of aortic aneurysm, it was long thought impossible to correct aortic dissection surgically. By 1959, their surgical experience had grown to 45 repairs. He feared that instruction in Arabic and the difficulties in translating foreign language text limited the abilities of the students of these facilities and distanced them from broader international networks. In an article for the American Heart Association’s journal, Modern Concepts of Cardiovascular Disease, DeBakey described two basic forms of aortic dissection, distinguished by whether the dissection is limited to the descending thoracic aorta or if it involves the ascending aorta. The lethality of types I and II aortic dissection limited DeBakey’s surgical exposure to them. This indicates that DeBakey celebrated knowledge exchange and considered medical advances and philosophical thought emerging from the Middle East as laudable  publications worthy of study. American medical missions in the Middle East can be traced back to the nineteenth century.

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