This bear, also known as Mazaalai bear in local Mongolian language, can be found in the rocky regions of the Gobi desert. The accompanying curriculum -- which consists of a student booklet, a teachers’ guide, and resource material -- involves local communities to show that Gobi Bear conservation is a shared responsibility. However, the long-term recovery and conservation of the Gobi Bear also relies on the ability of the Greater Gobi Strictly Protected Area to function in a manner beneficial to the bears. However, recent phylogenetic analysis has shown the Gobi bear to instead represent a relict population of the Himalayan brown bear. The Gobi bear has shorter fur and longer les compared to normal bears which helps them survive in the desert environment. In 2004 the Mongolian Ministry of Nature and Environment convened a workshop to devise an effective conservation program for the Gobi bear, and The Gobi Bear Project was designed to address the recommendations identified during the workshop: (1) Gobi Bear population assessment and monitoring. Craighead Beringia South is a Wyoming-based wildlife research and education institute dedicated to conserving the natural environment. The Gobi bear (Ursus arctos gobiensis; known in Mongolian as the Mazaalai (Мазаалай), is a subspecies of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) that is found in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. Beginning in the early 1990s, pelletized feed composed of grains was provided for the Gobi Bear at some of the springs in the Greater Gobi Strictly Protected Area, primarily during the months March and April when the bears emerge from their winter dens. The Gobi Bear will occasionally eat rodents or insects, but much of their diet consists of wild rhubarb roots, Population demography: size, structure and reproductive performance, Genetic and physical well‐being, including stress factors, Food resources needed to provide for growth, survival and reproduction, Movement patterns and habitat use in the landscape, Improved management and research capacity of the GGSPA staff and Mongolian specialists and students, The Gobi Bear Project was formed in 2005 as a collaboration of, Mongolian and international bear specialists. Small compared to other brown bear subspecies, adult males weigh about 96.0–138.0 kg (211.6–304.2 lb) and females about 51.0–78.0 kg (112.4–172.0 lb).[3]. Additionally, a public outreach effort focused on the critical need for Gobi Bear conservation was planned for Mongolia. The Gobi bear (Ursus arctos gobiensis) is much smaller than its cousins, the brown bears. The bears’ relative success in this desert is due in large part to their occupation of three oasis complexes, each of which contains seven or more freshwater springs. From 950 bear hair samples collected in 2008-2009, the team estimated that only 22-31 individual bears exist, with a minimum number of individually identified bears standing at 22 (8 female, 14 male). Trivia about Gobi Bear The Blue Bear may be a subspecies of the Gobi Brown Bear. The Gobi Desert is a harsh environment, and the Gobi Bear has persisted there in part because of their superb adaptation to the desert’s extreme conditions: food is only minimally available due to extremely low annual rainfall (50-100 cm/year) and annual swings in temperature that range between a searing 46°C in summer and -34°C in winter. All known Gobi Bears live in the Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area or GGSPA, their range centering on several natural oasis. It is listed as critically endangered by the Mongolian Redbook of Endangered Species and by the Zoological Society of London. Gobi bears have very little genetic diversity,[2] among the lowest ever observed in any subspecies of brown bear. These areas – Atas Bogd Mountain, Shar Khuls Oasis, and Tsagaan Bogd Mountain – are within the Greater Gobi Strictly Protected Area (GGSPA), which covers more than 45,000 km2, and each oasis is about 70-200 kilometers from an adjacent one. The educational program was set in motion in 2013, when members of the Gobi Bear Project Team made an outreach trip to six public schools, monastic schools, and a university class. Adaptations. The Mongolian government made 2013 the Year of the Gobi Bear. The Gobi Bear Project was formed in 2005 as a collaboration of Mongolian and international bear specialists to address the urgent need for a recovery and management plan for the Gobi Bear. One of the first major steps towards bringing Gobi Bears back from the brink of extinction was to determine accurately how many bears exist today and how they are distributed across oases complexes. The Gobi Bear Project Team has been working to facilitate Gobi Bear outreach in Mongolia. Between 2006-2008, these pellets were supplemented with commercial dog food, which has a higher protein and fat content, an increased caloric value, and higher levels of phosphorus, zinc, vitamin E, niacin, and pantothenic acid -- but which otherwise has a similar nutrient composition to the wild rhubarb that makes up much of the Gobi Bear’s traditional diet. The Gobi bear (Ursus arctos gobiensis; known in Mongolian as the Mazaalai (Мазаалай), is a subspecies of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) that is found in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. It also survives on insects and grasshoppers. [4] There are only 20 Gobi bears left in the wild. In 2004 the Mongolian Ministry of Nature and Environment convened a workshop to devise an effective conservation program for the Gobi bear, and The Gobi Bear Project was designed to address the recommendations identified during the workshop: (1) Gobi Bear population assessment and monitoring(2) genetic and demographic information needs(3) human dimensions. Work by the Gobi Bear Project Team and GGSPA rangers has shown that a minimum of 10 offspring were born between 1999-2009. These bears are smaller than most members of the brown bear family (female adults weigh only 51-78 kg and males only 96-138 kg). The provision of tools and logistic capabilities needed for monitoring the bears and patrolling the region are absolutely necessary to maintaining the ecosystem’s integrity and security. The Gobi Desert is a harsh environment, and the Gobi Bear has persisted there in part because of their superb adaptation to the desert’s extreme conditions: food is only minimally available due to extremely low annual rainfall (50-100 cm/year) and annual swings in temperature that range between a searing 46°C in summer and -34°C in winter. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) includes the bear as an Appendix I species: “critically threatened with extinction.”. The small population and its isolation confirm that these bears require very serious conservation efforts, including informed and effective management. The genetic variability of these individuals is very low compared to other bear populations around the world, which indicates that the population is isolated from other bear populations and is critically endangered. From these samples, the team was able to estimate the Gobi Bear population, ascertain the sex ratio, document inter-oases movements of individual bears, and explore genetic variability of Gobi Bears. The Gobi Bear is one of the few bear populations that is not represented in zoos. The Gobi Bears’ estimated minimum population is 22-31 individuals. With these materials in hand, Mongolian communities and students will learn the basics about ecology, and will learn to identify the relationship between habitat changes and an animal’s population. However, they are actually afraid of humans and are shy, peaceful animals. [3], Gobi bears mainly eat roots, berries, and other plants, sometimes rodents; there is no evidence that they prey on large mammals.

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