Summer American Government Chapter 5: Civil Rights Overview: Chapter 5 explains the constitutional basis of our civil rights and for laws prohibiting discrimination and discusses the reasons for the civil rights movement and the changes it caused in American politics and government. Malcolm X , who was assassinated on February 21, 1965, clearly had a different vision from that of Martin Luther King, Jr., regarding how to achieve civil rights, respect, and equality for black Americans. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Laws passed immediately after the Civil War by the confederate states that limited the rights of "freemen" (people formerly enslaved). Women were equal to men and deserved the same rights. This concentration results in de facto segregation , as distinct from de jure segregation , which results from laws or administrative decisions. Page references direct you to the material in the book. The time after the Civil War when institutions and infrastructure of the South were rebuilt. Distinctions based on Race, religion, and national origin, which are assumed to be illegitimate. You may select only one answer per question. Active, but nonviolent, refusal to comply with laws or government policies that are morally objectionable. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954). The second wave of the women's movement began in the 1960s alongside the civil rights and anti–Vietnam War movements. During the 1970s and 1980s, more than half of these laws were either repealed or struck down by the courts. The practice by which realtors steered African American families to certain neighborhoods and white families to others. Individual attributes such as race, national origin, religion, and gender. As such, the guarantee of civil rights often requires government action. What was the main proclamation in the Declaration of Sentiments? The fight to secure equal rights for all continues today. When Linda was denied admission to the all-white school, the Topeka NAACP urged Brown to join a lawsuit against the Topeka Board of Education . On the basis of this test, discrimination is legal if it is a necessary means by which the government can achieve a compelling public interest. 1 . Before the Stonewall incident, 49 states had sodomy laws that made various kinds of sexual acts, including homosexual acts, illegal (Illinois, which had repealed its sodomy law in 1962, was the only exception). What percentage of the Cherokee population was lost in the forced removal to Oklahoma territory? While many changes must still be made, the past one hundred years, especially the past few decades, have brought significant gains for people long discriminated against. Yet, as the protest over the building of an Islamic community center in Lower Manhattan demonstrates, people still encounter prejudice, injustice, and negative stereotypes that lead to discrimination, marginalization, and even exclusion from civic life. King advocated nonviolent civil disobedience as a means to achieve racial justice. Although Kansas law did not require schools to be segregated by race, in practice there were separate schools for white and black children. American Government, 1st ed. Efforts to secure the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment failed, but the women's movement has been successful in obtaining new laws, changes in social customs, and increased political representation of women. 1 . How to Take The Quiz. How did the African American struggle for civil rights evolve? While a temporary Islamic center opened there in September 2011, the owner now plans to build luxury condominiums on the site. Laws requiring strict separation of racial groups, with whites and "nonwhite" required to attend separate schools, work in different jobs, and use segregated public accommodations, such as transportation and restaurants. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. A test to determine eligibility to vote; designed so that few African Americans would pass. What act reinstituted self-government for Native Americans on the reservations? The legal right to bring lawsuits in court. All rights reserved. Women's rights organizations challenged discriminatory statutes and policies in the federal courts, contending that gender discrimination violated the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause. Start studying Chapter 5: Civil Rights (American Government). Oh no! Fourteenth Amendment clause stating that "no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.".

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