from, The Story of Marguerite de Primary Resource Inter caetera by Pope Alexander VI (May 4, 1493)

justified in the name of Christianity, which they say have had a In 1493, Pope Alexander VI drew a line down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean that granted Spain authority over the area to the west. The decree asserts the rights of Spain and Portugal to colonize, convert, and enslave. your blood, are laboring to that end; recognizing also that you have long since We trust in Him from whom empires and governments and all good things proceed, that, should you, with the Lord's guidance, pursue this holy and praiseworthy undertaking, in a short while your hardships and endeavors will attain the most felicitous result, to the happiness and glory of all Christendom. In relation to other states the agreement was legally ineffective res inter alios acta. protests and raised petitions seeking the repeal of the papal bull Holy See of Peter, recognizing that as true Catholic kings and princes, such as we Pope Alexander VI issues a papal bull or decree, “Inter Caetera,” in which he authorizes. health and apostolic benediction. The Papal bull Inter Caetera Alexander VI May 4 Alexander VI Alexander, bishop, servant of the servants of God, to the illustrious sovereigns, our very. belonged to Spain, and everything east to Portugal. * November 1493 - Indigenous resistance to Inter Caetera begins. An exception was made, however, for any lands actually possessed by any other Christian prince beyond this meridian prior to Christmas, 1492. The third of these bulls, the bull Inter caetera, is reproduced below, in an English translation published in European Treaties bearing on the History of the United States and its Dependencies to 1648, Frances Gardiner Davenport, editor, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1917, Washington, D.C., at pp. We’ve noticed you’re adblocking. Read the introduction and the document transcript in order to answer these questions. With this proviso however that none of the islands and mainlands, found and to be found, discovered and to be discovered, beyond that said line towards the west and south, be in the actual possession of any Christian king or prince up to the birthday of our Lord Jesus Christ just past from which the present year one thousand four hundred ninety-three begins. Visit the new Gilder Lehrman Institute Gift Shop here. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Start a day free trial for unlimited access to Premium articles. Lord, you, with the wish to fulfill your desire, chose our beloved son, Christopher

The bull makes note that the Catholic Monarchs “had intended to seek out and discover certain islands and mainlands remote and unknown” but had been otherwise engaged in the conquest of Granada. Let no one, therefore, infringe, or with rash boldness contravene, this our recommendation, exhortation, requisition, gift, grant, assignment, constitution, deputation, decree, mandate, prohibition, and will. our duty, to grant you even of our own accord and in your favor those things, whereby diligence, without regard to hardships, expenses, dangers, with the shedding even of 2nd Floor Wherefore, as becomes Catholic kings and princes, after earnest consideration of all matters, especially of the rise and spread of the Catholic faith, as was the fashion of your ancestors, kings of renowned memory, you have purposed with the favor of divine clemency to bring under your sway the said mainlands and islands with their residents and inhabitants and to bring them to the Catholic faith. Among other works well pleasing to the Divine Majesty and cherished of our heart, this assuredly ranks highest, that in our times especially the Catholic faith and the Christian religion be exalted and be everywhere increased and spread, that the health of souls be cared for and that barbarous nations be overthrown and brought to the faith itself. Moreover we command you in virtue of holy obedience, that, employing all due diligence in the premises, as you also promise—nor do we doubt that you will act in accordance with your devoted loyalty and royal greatness of spirit—you should appoint to the aforesaid countries and islands worthy God-fearing, learned, skilled, and expeienced men, divinq order to instruct the aforesaid inhabitants and residents in the Catholic faith and train them in good morals. an excerpt from, "The people of America Frances Gardiner Davenport, ed., European Treaties bearing on the You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. By what authority did Pope Alexander VI claim the power to give Spain nearly exclusive possession of the New World? Also, on one of the chief of these aforesaid islands the said Christopher has already caused to be put together and built a fortress fairly equipped, wherein he has stationed as garrison certain Christians, companions of his, who are to make search for other remote and unknown islands and mainlands. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. These cookies do not store any personal information. Columbus. Pope Alexander VI, anonymous, 15th century. peoples, and to remind Catholic leaders of what they perceive to be the He was happy to help, and on 4 May 1493 issued the bull Inter caetera. Only subscribers have unlimited access to Premium articles. Others, including the Spanish crown and the conquistadorsinterpreted it in the widest possible sense, deducing that it gave Spain full political sovereignty. Though later bulls were issued on the subject of Portugese and Spanish colonial rivalry, the bull Inter caetera became a major document in the development of subsequent legal doctrines regarding claims of empire in the "new world." This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. the whole world declare, you not only eagerly desire but with every effort, zeal, and The Bull Inter Caetera (Alexander VI), May 4, 1493.

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