Wendy McFarland [3], Schachter conducted an experiment that tested the social pressures that a person may feel to conform to fit the cohesiveness, match the opinions of the group, and significance of other group members. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ), Sheehy, N., Chapman, A.J., & Conroy, W.

Schachter, S (1959) The Psychology of Affiliation.

New York: Academic.

A Distinctive Approach to Psychological Research: The Influence of Stanley.

During the 1970s, Schachter's research shifted focus yet again, this time to tobacco-smoking and nicotine.

Schachter, S (1956) With L. Festinger and H. Riecken. G. Lindzey (ed.) Schachter was born to Nathan and Anna Schachter in Flushing, New York. This experiment involved two independent variables; and fullness. Schachter, S. (1951). Schachter found that a number of factors lead to differences in responses between obese individuals and normal individuals. Some extraordinary facts about obese humans and rats.

Schachter,S (1982). This was compared to obese individuals that tend to be less sensitive to these internal cues and more sensitive to external cues such as food advertisements and periods of time dedicated to eating. 131–57. Schachter,S (1950) With L. Festinger and K. Back.

He tested his hypothesis that smokers do indeed regulate their nicotine intake.

Then, in 1959, toward the end of his time in Minnesota, Schachter was awarded both the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Socio-Psychological Prize and the AAAS Prize for Behavioral Science Research in 1959. Some extraordinary facts about obese humans and rats. He was survived by his wife, the former Sophia Duckworth. He was named Robert Johnston Niven Professor of Social Psychology in 1966 and retired in 1992 with an emeritus designation. A person's experience of an emotion stems from the mental awareness of the body's physical arousal and the explanation one attaches to this arousal. Schachter, S. (1963) Birth order, eminence and higher education. [6] That year, Schachter also won the first of his several General Electric Foundation Awards, which he continued to win each year through 1962.

This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 15:14. After crossing the bridges the subjects were asked to fill out a survey and given a number to call if they had further questions. Adobe PageMaker 6.0 Speech disfluency and the structure of knowledge. His parents were both Romanian Jews, his father from Vasilau a small village in Bukovina and his mother from Radauti.. Schachter died on June 7, 1997 at his home in East Hampton New York. In the second condition, the individual will label their arousal based on external and internal stimuli. He obtained his Bachelor's degree in 1942, and went on to pursue his Master's in Psychology, also at Yale, where he was influenced by Clark Hull. %PDF-1.6 %���� Pharmacological and psychological determinants of cigarette smoking. In the mid-1980s and early 1990s, his research again shifted focus, this time to topics such as the stock market and speech issues.

He said emotions have two ingredients: physiological arousal and a cognitive label.

'_���;��LTls]v^j��1��$��1֣�i��-�o&�x��.�*[��v���.A��]�I���. Schachter,S (1951) Deviation, rejection and communication. The results were that those who had crossed the fear-arousing bridge were more likely to call the interviewer to ask for a date than those who crossed the non fear-arousing bridge. (eds.) His work in the 1960s was focused on how attribution processes influence people in various aspects of bothsocial life and self-perception, with studies on topics such as birth order, criminal behavior, pain perception, and obesity.

52 0 obj <> endobj 65 0 obj <>stream He is survived by his wife Sophia (née Duckworth) and Elijah, their only son (b.

Birth order, eminence, and higher education. During his career he studied the misattribution of arousal, the causes of overeating and obesity, the physiological basis for nicotine addiction, and the origins of miserliness. I am frightened!

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