More importantly, Longworth viewed wine as a critical piece of the temperance movement. On Samvatsari, the last day of Paryushan—the most prominent festival of Jainism—the Jains greet their friends and relatives on this last day with Micchāmi Dukkaḍaṃ, seeking their forgiveness. Typically the movement promotes alcohol education and it also demands the passage of new laws against the sale of alcohol, either regulations on the availability of alcohol, or th… The temperance movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries was an organized effort to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press for complete abstinence. 1. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'temperance.' Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, in verse 5.2.3, states that three characteristics of a good, developed person are self-restraint (damah), compassion and love for all sentient life (daya), and charity (daana). Puranic notes: reflections on the myth of sukesin. Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Delivered to your inbox! Temperance, as the Catholic Encylopedia notes, "is concerned with what is difficult for a man, not in so far as he is a rational being precisely, but rather in so far as he is an animal. It is sometimes written as damah (Sanskrit: दमः). The New Testament does so as well, with forgiveness being central to theology and self-control being one of the Fruits of the Spirit. What made you want to look up temperance? Abstinence from or moderation in drinking alcoholic beverages. Saskatoon may have started out as a temperance colony, but there were plenty of people below the surface bending the rules, according to a historian. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins [9] In Hinduism literature dedicated to yoga, self-restraint is expounded with the concept of yamas (Sanskrit: यम). [3] It is generally characterized as the control over excess, and expressed through characteristics such as chastity, modesty, humility, self-regulation, hospitality, decorum, abstinence, forgiveness and mercy; each of these involves restraining an excess of some impulse, such as sexual desire, vanity, or anger. Over time, new virtues were conceptualized and added, some replaced, others merged. 11–30). It has a long history in philosophical and religious thought. Within the Christian church Temperance is a virtue akin to self-control. Temperance advocates encouraged their fellow Americans to reduce the amount of alcohol that they consumed. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. T—total!”. on the wagon Abstaining from alcoholic beverages; said of a teetotaler or nephalist. In the Judeo-Christian tradition, temperance is prolific. The modern meaning of temperance has evolved since its first usage. Latin temperantia was used by Cicero to translate Greek sophrosyne "moderation." Temperance has been described as a virtue by religious thinkers, philosophers, and more recently, psychologists, particularly in the positive psychology movement. Throughout the early 1900s there was a movement, called the "temperance" movement, that tried to stop people from drinking alcohol. Did You Know? [1] It is typically described in terms of what an individual voluntarily refrains from doing. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. The term "temperance" can also refer to the abstention from alcohol (teetotalism), especially with reference to the temperance movement. The shorter list of virtues became: Ahimsa (Non-violence), Dama (temperance), Asteya (Non-covetousness/Non-stealing), Saucha (purity), Satyam (truthfulness). Besides combining moral and political action, the modern temperance movements were characterized by international scope and the organized cooperation of women. James Lochtefeld, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Rosen Publishing New York. Rev. 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, Middle English temperaunce, borrowed from Anglo-French temprance, temperance, borrowed from Latin temperantia "self-control, moderation, restraint," noun derivative from temperant-, temperans, present participle of temperāre "to exercise moderation, restrain oneself" — more at temper entry 2. New York: Springer. ". [10] According to ṣaṭsampad, self-restraint (dama) is one of the six cardinal virtues. ), from Latin temperantia "moderation, sobriety, discretion, self-control," from temperans, present participle of temperare "to moderate" (see temper (v.)). Temperance in its modern use is defined as moderation or voluntary self-restraint. mid-14c., "self-restraint, moderation," from Anglo-French temperaunce (mid-13c. [6], The concept of dama (Sanskrit: दम) in Hinduism is equivalent to temperance. Temperance as a character trait is a common theme throughout the Bible, especially in the New Testament. teetotal To abstain totally from alcoholic beverages; as an adjective, advocating total abstinence from intoxicating drink. Temperance definition is - moderation in action, thought, or feeling : restraint. "In other words, temperance is the virtue that helps us control our physical desire for … Temperance in Jainism is deeply imbibed in its five major vows which are: In Jainism, the vow of Ahimsa is not just restricted to not resorting to physical violence, but it also encompasses in itself abstinence from violence in any and all form either by thought, speech or action. [citation needed] The phrase is also used by Jains throughout the year when a person makes a mistake, or recollects making one in everyday life, or when asking for forgiveness in advance for inadvertent ones.[20]. [11], The list of virtues that constitute a moral life evolve in vedas and upanishads. Temperance is one of the six virtues in the positive psychology classification, included with wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, and transcendence. See Synonyms at abstinence. 2. But, R-e-m-o-r-s-e!The water-wagon is the place for me;It is no time for mirth and laughter,The cold, gray dawn of the morning after! There are two words in ancient Greek that have been translated to "temperance" in the English language. "In other words, temperance is the virtue that helps us control our physical desire for … Latin temperantia was used by Cicero to translate Greek sophrosyne "moderation." In classical iconography, the virtue is often depicted as a woman holding two vessels transferring water from one to another. See the full definition for temperance in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for temperance, Nglish: Translation of temperance for Spanish Speakers. This includes restraint from revenge by practicing non-violence and forgiveness, restraint from arrogance by practicing humility and modesty, restraint from excesses such as extravagant luxury or splurging by practicing prudence, and restraint from rage or craving by practicing calmness and self-control. ), from Latin temperantia "moderation, sobriety, discretion, self-control," from temperans, present participle of temperare "to moderate" (see temper (v.)). Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Mohapatra & Mohapatra, Hinduism: Analytical Study. Heim, M. (2005), Differentiations in Hindu ethics, in William Schweiker (Editor), The Blackwell companion to religious ethics, Rao, G. H. (1926), The Basis of Hindu Ethics, International Journal of Ethics, 37(1), pp. Since temperance means basically "moderation", you might assume that, with respect to alcohol, temperance would mean moderate consumption, or "social drinking". Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Define temperance. Like the bartenders, they fell off the wagon. Thomas Aquinas promoted Plato's original virtues in addition to several others. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. “Epidemic” vs. “Pandemic” vs. “Endemic”: What Do These Terms Mean? Unabridged It can also refer to alcohol moderation. How to use temperance in a sentence. This expression is a truncated version of the earlier and more explicit on the water-wagon.

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