The first World Championship was held in Argentina in 1950. The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds, and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. Julius Erving was the leading player in the league, and helped launch a modern style of play that emphasizes leaping and play above the rim. 21 is a simplified version of basketball that keeps most of the standard rules. [1] The game became established fairly quickly and grew very popular as the 20th century progressed, first in America and then in other parts of the world. basketball image by aline caldwell from Fotolia.com. The American National Basketball Association (NBA), established in 1946, grew to a multibillion-dollar enterprise by the end of the century, and basketball became an integral part of American culture. Another new game".[5]. Further championships in 2009 and 2010 helped raise his popularity. [9][10], YMCA had a major role in spreading basketball throughout the United States, Canada, and the world. [36], The NBA has helped popularize basketball in other parts of the world. This continues until a shot is made. Asked by Wiki User. When the game … [1] It consisted of peach baskets and a soccer style ball. [34], In 1907 the amateur, all-black Olympian Athletic League was formed in New York City consisting of the Smart Set Athletic Club, St. Christopher Club, Marathon Athletic Club, Alpha Physical Culture Club, and Jersey City Colored YMCA. Soon after with the help of Shaquille O'Neal, Kobe Bryant would go on to win three straight championships from 2000–2002 with the Los Angeles Lakers, helping make basketball more popular in many places around the world, most noticeably China. Pig requires creativity and accurate shooting and requires players to match each others’ shots. They say baseball is the great American pastime, and it's obviously quite popular in the United States. [29], Many rule changes have occurred since the inception of professional basketball that has altered the game to what we now recognize today. Basketball, especially in the 1990s and 2000s, used to give importance to big men. [27], The Basketball league was founded in New York City on June 6, 1946 as the Basketball Association of America (BAA). The first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on March 11, 1892.[2]. [37], After his final championship and second retirement in 1998, there was a void as in who would be the face of basketball. He divided his class of eighteen into two teams of nine players each and set about to teach them the basics of his new game. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute. Glenn, Dickey. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. In 1939 the all-black New York Renaissance beat the all-white Oshkosh All-Stars in the World Pro Basketball Tournament. After a while, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. Naismith was charged with creating a new game that … Pig requires creativity and accurate … The Italian team had a white shirt with the House of Savoy shield and the players were: Arrigo and Marco Muggiani, Baccarini, Giuseppe Sessa, Palestra, Pecollo and Bagnoli. Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) had taken over oversight of basketball activity from YMCA. The American Basketball Association (ABA) was founded as an alternative to the NBA in 1967 [32] at a time when the NBA was experiencing a lot of popularity. With racial segregation affecting all areas of public life in the U.S. including sports, all-black basketball teams (Black Fives) were established in 1904. For instance, if four people are playing and the third person was the first to make a shot, the fourth person must then shoot, followed by the first and second person. All posts copyright their original authors. Players must attempt the shot from t he same spot on the court as the original made shot. That player gets to … [7] The goal was scored by Chase. The game … In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made. By this time, the League was mainly composed of African American players, and most of the top stars were black. You can shoot free throws or at the top of the key to determine the order. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. They changed the way the game was played. The objective of the game was to throw the basketball into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony. This order will continue for the rest of the game. Naismith also spent two years with YMCA in France in that period.[13]. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands. Any players who miss a shot that must be matched earn the letter “P.” Players who have already earned the first letter and miss a matched shot again earn the letter “I” and so on until a player accumulates all the letters in the word “Pig” and are thus eliminated. The ABA was folded into the NBA in the summer of 1976, its four most successful franchises (the New York Nets, Denver Nuggets, Indiana Pacers, and San Antonio Spurs) being incorporated into the older league. Finally, Earl Lloyd became the first black player to appear in an NBA game as his team started its season before either Cooper's or Clifton's. Basketball soon became popular among French and Italians. Only in 1906 were metal hoops, nets and backboards introduced. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them. [14] Then, many small championships were organized, but most of them were not as important as some teams who played for money against challengers. In the 1980s, former university superstar Earvin "Magic" Johnson of Los Angeles and Larry Bird of Boston once again gave hope to the league. [24] The first great European event was held in 1919 in Joinville-le-Pont, near Paris, during the Inter-Allied Games. Now because of teams like the San Antonio Spurs and the Golden State Warriors, ball movement and team play is more common. From the late 1920s the African American Harlem Globetrotters were a successful touring team, winning the WPBT in 1940. Participants can decide on modified rules at the beginning of the game, such as requiring the “calling” of shots, such as bank shots, swishes or trick shots. One of the most important rules in playing a game of Pig is establishing what order players will shoot in. [22] The first intercollegiate match using the modern rule of five players per side is often credited as a game between the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa, in Iowa City, Iowa, on January 18, 1896. Join 6,440 readers in helping fund MetaFilter. Upon the request of his boss, Naismith was tasked to create an indoor sports game to help athletes keep in shape in cold weather. The Smart Set Athletic Club of Brooklyn and the St. Christopher Club of New York City were established as the first fully organized independent all-black basketball teams in 1906. Stephen Curry of the Golden State Warriors has been a trendsetter with his shooting abilities. Finally, the NBA introduced the three-point line, in the 1979-1980 season. The history of professional basketball since 1896. In 1910 Howard University’s first varsity basketball team began. In 1909 the first international match was held in Saint Petersburg: Mayak Saint Petersburg beat a YMCA American team. A chemistry professor, E.H.S. The league was abandoned in 1904. As we look back over the many great years of basketball history, it’s safe to say that it’s become one of the best sports of all time, with the endless excitement and history-making moments it has provided us over the years. They were finally selected as the 50 best players in NBA history. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team, "The Development of Professional Basketball in the United States, with an Emphasis on the History of the NBA to its 50th Anniversary Season in 1996-97", "How 'Black Fives' led to racial integration in basketball", "The Making of a Dream Team: When Expert Teams Do Best", "Lakers vs. Celtics Game 7: Los Angeles Lakers Win 2010 NBA Championship", "Kobe announces he will retire after this season", "LeBron: "I'm taking my talents to South Beach, Transcript of Naismith's original notes on the first basketball game, Dr. James Naismith's Original 13 Rules of Basketball, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_basketball&oldid=985695161, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles that may contain original research from March 2019, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing additional references from March 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder and retrieve the ball. Games were slow-paced and very defense-oriented. Back to Sports Back to Basketball The rules of basketball can vary slightly depending on the level of play (for example professional rules differ from college rules) or where the game is played (international rules are different from USA professional rules). By 1897 the U.S. Wolff, Alexander. The first Olympic title was won by the U.S. national team: Sam Balter, Ralph Bishop, Joe Fortenberry, Tex Gibbons, Francis Johnson, Carl Knowles, Frank Lubin, Art Mollner, Donald Piper, Jack Ragland, Willard Schmidt, Carl Shy, Duane Swanson, Bill Wheatley and the trainer James Needles. Further details may exist on the, Early professional leagues, teams, and organizations. Basketball Rules Player Positions Basketball Strategy Basketball Glossary. [28] The league adopted the name National Basketball Association (NBA) in 1949 after merging with the rival National Basketball League (NBL). The style of basketball has evolved over time as well. Ask MetaFilter is where thousands of life's little questions are answered. The most noticeable would be Yao Ming. The game now is up-tempo and teams are starting to involve a lot more three point shooting in their offenses. Rules for Playing 10-Point Match Tiebreaker in Tennis, Fun Games to Play in a Scramble Golf Tournament, Games for All Reasons: Rules for Kids Basketball Games. Ranking the Greatest Nba Players: A Sport Metrics Analysis. Play begins by the first person shooting the basketball from anywhere on the court. Accuracy: A team of editors takes feedback from our visitors to keep trivia as up to date and as accurate as possible. To begin the game, pick a player to go first. These tours helped to popularize basketball internationally, and gave the Globetrotters the reputation as Basketball's goodwill ambassadors.

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